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Bengal divided: Hindu communalism and partition, 1932-1947 - Joya Chatterji

Bengal divided: Hindu communalism and partition, 1932-1947

Joya Chatterji

Cambridge University Press

Contents......Page 8
Maps......Page 9
Tables......Page 10
Acknowledgements......Page 12
Abbreviations......Page 14
Glossary......Page 15
Introduction......Page 20
1 Bengal politics and the Communal Award......Page 37
2 The emergence of the mofussil in Bengal politics......Page 74
3 The reorientation of the Bengal Congress, 1937-45......Page 122
4 The construction of bhadralok communal identity: culture and communalism in Bengal......Page 169
5 Hindu unity and Muslim tyranny: aspects of Hindu bhadralok politics, 1936-47......Page 210
6 The second partition of Bengal, 1945-47......Page 239
Conclusion......Page 285
Appendix I......Page 288
Bibliography......Page 294
Index......Page 312

Whereas previous studies of the end of British rule in India have concentrated on the negotiations of the transfer of power at the all-India level or have considered the emergence of separatist politics amongst India's Muslim minorities, this study provides a re-evaluation of the history of Bengal focusing on the political and social processes that led to the demand for partition in Bengal and tracing the rise of Hindu communalism. In its most startling revelation, the author shows how the demand for a separate homeland for the Hindus, which was fuelled by a large and powerful section of Hindu society within Bengal, was seen as the only way to regain influence and to wrest power from the Muslim majority. The picture which emerges is one of a stratified and fragmented society moving away from the mainstream of Indian nationalism, and increasingly preoccupied with narrower, more parochial concerns.