This is a Digital Library working with the 'collection, maintenance and public viewing' of the historical documents regarding the Bangladesh Liberation War, Genocide of Innocent Bengali People in 1971 and contemporary political events of Bangladesh.

More than three million Bengalis were killed and half a million Bengali women were raped by Pakistan Military Forces, Biharis, Jamat-I-Islami, Islami Chatra Shangha (Now Islam-I-Chatra Shibir), Muslim League, Nezam-I-Islami Party, Razakars, Al-Shams, Al-Badr, Peace Committee, Muzahid Bahini during the nine months long Liberation War of Bangladesh in 1971.

The Exeter South Asia Centre of the College of Humanities of the University of Exeter listed ‘Muktijuddho e-Archive’ as a source for Research materials.

The University of Exeter is a public research university located in Exeter, Devon, South West England, United Kingdom.
This archive is absolutely NON-COMMERCIAL. All contents available here are for learning, study & research purpose only. Contents available here CANNOT be used for any kind of commercial purpose.

প্রামাণ্যচিত্র : ১৯৭১ - তানভীর মোকাম্মেল

প্রামাণ্যচিত্র : ১৯৭১

তানভীর মোকাম্মেল

Produced by : Kino-Eye Films

In the general election of the constituent assembly of Pakistan in December 1970, Awami League, led by Bengalee leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, won absolute majority. But instead of handing over power to the elected Bengalee representatives, the Pakistan army on 25th March 1971, launched a brutal military crackdown on the Bengalees code named as "Operation Searchlight".

And since then up to the liberation of Bangladesh in December, for long nine months, the marauding Pakistan army perpetrated a genocide in East Pakistan. It is assumed that around three million people were killed, more than two hundred thousand women were raped and about ten million refugees had to flee to India. The Bengalee military and para-military personnels, the youth and the students formed Muktibahini, who resiliently fought against the Pakistan army and their Islamic collaborators. In December, a full-fledged war broke out between India and Pakistan, and Bangladesh was finally liberated on 16th December as an independent state.

Depicting the main events of the year 1971 Tanvir Mokammel has made a research-based three hour-thirty five minutes (215 minutes) long mega-documentary titled as "1971".

For the people of Bangladesh the year 1971, for its association with the war of independence, has remained a glorious year. But at the same time, as so many carnages happened around, it was also a sad time. For the people of Bangladesh the year 1971 remains, to borrow Charles Dickens's expression "it was the best of times, it was the worst of times!"

For this film Tanvir Mokammel shot 250 hours of footages and interviewed 176 individuals including military commanders, freedom fighters, politicians, diplomats, raped women, refugees and survivors from the mass killings.

Script & Direction : Tanvir Mokammel

Length : 3 hours 35 minutes (215 minutes)